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Installing software on most Linux distributions (K/Ubuntu, Mandriva, Fedora Core, OpenSuse etc.) is most times easier than for windows. It is just that we are so accustomed to windows that we expect things to be done in the same manner in Linux.
Linux comes with an automatic software finder and installer utility. In (K)Ubuntu, it could be Adept or Synaptic, in Mandriva it is simply named 'Install and Remove Software'. Whatever it is called in your Linux distribution, they all function the same way
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Just run the utility, locate where the 'update from repositories' or something similar is and click it (you might be asked to select media sources, choose/tick all). This will go through your internet connection to download the most recent lists of available software for your Linux distro. So you must be connected to the internet, but if you have no access to the internet there is an alternative. After the update is done, you will go through the list of software and check/tick the box beside the software you want to install, the click on 'Apply' to install them. (If you have a slow internet connection, do not check too many software).
If you have no internet connection on the system running the Linux, you will have to use another computer system with internet connection to download the software you want to install. Just Google the Linux version of the software (e.g type in google search box "download linux version of Opera 10"). Most times you will end up downloading the source code (Opera10.tar.gz) or an executable bin file (Opera10.bin). You might also be a able to see a version that is specific to your Linux distribution (e.g. .deb for K/Ubuntu or .rpm for Fedora/OpenSuse/Mandriva): you can install this by double clicking on the file.

For the Opera10.tar.gz -
1. Copy it into a folder in your target system, maybe the /home/download folder or any other of your choice.
2. Right click on the file and choose extract here (an Opera folder will be created in the /home/download folder.
3. Copy the name of the extracted folder (e.g. /home/download/Opera10).
4. Goto the Terminal or Konsole bash commandline.
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5. Change to the folder directory by typing cd and pressing Shift + Insert (to paste the already copied location) then Enter.
6. Type sudo ./configure
sudo make install

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These will compile and install the software.

For Opera10.bin -
1. Copy the Opera10.bin to, say, /home/download.
Goto the Terminal or Konsole bash commandline and change to the directory containing the file by typing cd /home/download
2. Type sudo chmod a+x Opera10.bin to make the bin file executable

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3. Type ./Opera10.bin to install the software.

For further clarification or any questions, feel free to ask via the comment box below.


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