How To Create Formula (UDF) That Converts Number or Money Amounts to Words in Naira and Kobo or Dollars and Cents

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The first time I was asked a question around this was in 2016 at a training I had for eHealth Africa in Kano. A couple of the finance managers wanted to be able to convert money amounts to words with Naira and kobo in appropriate places.

Then two weeks ago in Abuja, I got asked the same question by finance team at HSDF and it became obvious to me that it is a problem many people would like easy steps to accomplishing. Many people who come across solutions online still face roadblocks in implementing the solution satisfactorily. 

Well, as a patriotic Nigerian, I have come in my shining armor to give every Nigerian an almost plug and play solution with easy to understand steps.

Solution (Warri style)
Download these two Excel files that I saved as add-in files: https://urbizedge.blob.core.windows.net/urbizedge/Numbers2Words.xlam and https://urbizedge.blob.core.windows.net/urbizedge/Numbers2WordsUSD.xlam

Then go to File, Options, Add-ins and click on Go in front of Manage Excel Add-ins.




Click on browse to pick the files (one at a time). 




Ensure they are ticked as part of enabled/available add-ins.



And that's all! Now, go and type less henceforth.




Explanation (Brother Jero style)
What we are trying to achieve is a simple task called User Defined Function -- creating our own formulas that the Engineers at Microsoft didn't include in Excel. Unfortunately, the process is not straightforward. We would have to not get on the wrong side of Amope (VBA).



We would use a modified version of this boilerplate from Microsoft with some extra tweaks from Ablebits.



Here's the one for Naira and Kobo:

Option Explicit
'Main Function
Function SpellNumberNGN(ByVal MyNumber)
    Dim Naira, Kobo, Temp
    Dim DecimalPlace, Count
    ReDim Place(9) As String
    Place(2) = " Thousand "
    Place(3) = " Million "
    Place(4) = " Billion "
    Place(5) = " Trillion "

    MyNumber = Trim(Str(MyNumber))
    DecimalPlace = InStr(MyNumber, ".")
    If DecimalPlace > 0 Then
        Kobo = GetTens(Left(Mid(MyNumber, DecimalPlace + 1) & _
                  "00", 2))
        MyNumber = Trim(Left(MyNumber, DecimalPlace - 1))
    End If
    Count = 1
    Do While MyNumber <> ""
        Temp = GetHundreds(Right(MyNumber, 3))
        If Temp <> "" Then Naira = Temp & Place(Count) & Naira
        If Len(MyNumber) > 3 Then
            MyNumber = Left(MyNumber, Len(MyNumber) - 3)
        Else
            MyNumber = ""
        End If
        Count = Count + 1
    Loop
    Select Case Naira
        Case ""
            Naira = ""
        Case "One"
            Naira = "One Naira"
         Case Else
            Naira = Naira & " Naira"
    End Select
    Select Case Kobo
        Case ""
            Kobo = ""
        Case "One"
            Kobo = " and One Kobo"
              Case Else
            Kobo = " and " & Kobo & " Kobo"
    End Select
    SpellNumberNGN = Naira & Kobo
End Function

Function GetHundreds(ByVal MyNumber)
    Dim Result As String
    If Val(MyNumber) = 0 Then Exit Function
    MyNumber = Right("000" & MyNumber, 3)
    ' Convert the hundreds place.
    If Mid(MyNumber, 1, 1) <> "0" Then
        Result = GetDigit(Mid(MyNumber, 1, 1)) & " Hundred "
    End If
    ' Convert the tens and ones place.
    If Mid(MyNumber, 2, 1) <> "0" Then
        Result = Result & GetTens(Mid(MyNumber, 2))
    Else
        Result = Result & GetDigit(Mid(MyNumber, 3))
    End If
    GetHundreds = Result
End Function

Function GetTens(TensText)
    Dim Result As String
    Result = "" ' Null out the temporary function value.
    If Val(Left(TensText, 1)) = 1 Then   ' If value between 10-19...
        Select Case Val(TensText)
            Case 10: Result = "Ten"
            Case 11: Result = "Eleven"
            Case 12: Result = "Twelve"
            Case 13: Result = "Thirteen"
            Case 14: Result = "Fourteen"
            Case 15: Result = "Fifteen"
            Case 16: Result = "Sixteen"
            Case 17: Result = "Seventeen"
            Case 18: Result = "Eighteen"
            Case 19: Result = "Nineteen"
            Case Else
        End Select
    Else ' If value between 20-99...
        Select Case Val(Left(TensText, 1))
            Case 2: Result = "Twenty "
            Case 3: Result = "Thirty "
            Case 4: Result = "Forty "
            Case 5: Result = "Fifty "
            Case 6: Result = "Sixty "
            Case 7: Result = "Seventy "
            Case 8: Result = "Eighty "
            Case 9: Result = "Ninety "
            Case Else
        End Select
        Result = Result & GetDigit _
            (Right(TensText, 1))  ' Retrieve ones place.
    End If
    GetTens = Result
End Function

Function GetDigit(Digit)
    Select Case Val(Digit)
        Case 1: GetDigit = "One"
        Case 2: GetDigit = "Two"
        Case 3: GetDigit = "Three"
        Case 4: GetDigit = "Four"
        Case 5: GetDigit = "Five"
        Case 6: GetDigit = "Six"
        Case 7: GetDigit = "Seven"
        Case 8: GetDigit = "Eight"
        Case 9: GetDigit = "Nine"
        Case Else: GetDigit = ""
    End Select
End Function


You will copy this. Open an empty/new Excel file, press Alt + F11. The VBA Editor will open. On the menu, select Insert and click on Module. Then paste the code above in it.




Save (CTRL + S), but choose Excel Add-in as the save as type. Importantly, do not change the default folder Excel will automatically change to for saving for the file. If you do this, then you are OYO.



Now we are almost there.

Repeat same steps for dollar and cents (if you need it). Here is the code for that:


Option Explicit
'Main Function
Function SpellNumberUSD(ByVal MyNumber)
    Dim Dollars, Cents, Temp
    Dim DecimalPlace, Count
    ReDim Place(9) As String
    Place(2) = " Thousand "
    Place(3) = " Million "
    Place(4) = " Billion "
    Place(5) = " Trillion "

    MyNumber = Trim(Str(MyNumber))
    DecimalPlace = InStr(MyNumber, ".")
    If DecimalPlace > 0 Then
        Cents = GetTens(Left(Mid(MyNumber, DecimalPlace + 1) & _
                  "00", 2))
        MyNumber = Trim(Left(MyNumber, DecimalPlace - 1))
    End If
    Count = 1
    Do While MyNumber <> ""
        Temp = GetHundreds(Right(MyNumber, 3))
        If Temp <> "" Then Dollars = Temp & Place(Count) & Dollars
        If Len(MyNumber) > 3 Then
            MyNumber = Left(MyNumber, Len(MyNumber) - 3)
        Else
            MyNumber = ""
        End If
        Count = Count + 1
    Loop
    Select Case Dollars
        Case ""
            Dollars = "No Dollars"
        Case "One"
            Dollars = "One Dollar"
         Case Else
            Dollars = Dollars & " Dollars"
    End Select
    Select Case Cents
        Case ""
            Cents = ""
        Case "One"
            Cents = " and One Cent"
              Case Else
            Cents = " and " & Cents & " Cents"
    End Select
    SpellNumberUSD = Dollars & Cents
End Function

Function GetHundreds(ByVal MyNumber)
    Dim Result As String
    If Val(MyNumber) = 0 Then Exit Function
    MyNumber = Right("000" & MyNumber, 3)
    ' Convert the hundreds place.
    If Mid(MyNumber, 1, 1) <> "0" Then
        Result = GetDigit(Mid(MyNumber, 1, 1)) & " Hundred "
    End If
    ' Convert the tens and ones place.
    If Mid(MyNumber, 2, 1) <> "0" Then
        Result = Result & GetTens(Mid(MyNumber, 2))
    Else
        Result = Result & GetDigit(Mid(MyNumber, 3))
    End If
    GetHundreds = Result
End Function

Function GetTens(TensText)
    Dim Result As String
    Result = "" ' Null out the temporary function value.
    If Val(Left(TensText, 1)) = 1 Then   ' If value between 10-19...
        Select Case Val(TensText)
            Case 10: Result = "Ten"
            Case 11: Result = "Eleven"
            Case 12: Result = "Twelve"
            Case 13: Result = "Thirteen"
            Case 14: Result = "Fourteen"
            Case 15: Result = "Fifteen"
            Case 16: Result = "Sixteen"
            Case 17: Result = "Seventeen"
            Case 18: Result = "Eighteen"
            Case 19: Result = "Nineteen"
            Case Else
        End Select
    Else ' If value between 20-99...
        Select Case Val(Left(TensText, 1))
            Case 2: Result = "Twenty "
            Case 3: Result = "Thirty "
            Case 4: Result = "Forty "
            Case 5: Result = "Fifty "
            Case 6: Result = "Sixty "
            Case 7: Result = "Seventy "
            Case 8: Result = "Eighty "
            Case 9: Result = "Ninety "
            Case Else
        End Select
        Result = Result & GetDigit _
            (Right(TensText, 1))  ' Retrieve ones place.
    End If
    GetTens = Result
End Function

Function GetDigit(Digit)
    Select Case Val(Digit)
        Case 1: GetDigit = "One"
        Case 2: GetDigit = "Two"
        Case 3: GetDigit = "Three"
        Case 4: GetDigit = "Four"
        Case 5: GetDigit = "Five"
        Case 6: GetDigit = "Six"
        Case 7: GetDigit = "Seven"
        Case 8: GetDigit = "Eight"
        Case 9: GetDigit = "Nine"
        Case Else: GetDigit = ""
    End Select
End Function


And now you do the steps I put under the solution section, except that you'll see the add-ins there without needing to browse to them. Ensure they are ticked.





And from now on, you'll have the two formulas that can convert numbers to words (naira/kobo and dollars/cents). 




Again, I say to you: enjoy!

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